The human body can convert almost all fatty acids create. The good health essential fatty acids linoleic acid (omega 6) and alpha-linolenic acid (omega 3), however, are the exception. THEREFORE these fatty acids are called essential fatty acids. Cell membranes consist for a considerable proportion of these fatty acids, which are very important for the proper functioning of all cells, glands, organs and tissues. Also, fatty acids provide the main fuel for our body. They provide a stable energy production.
Fatty acids can be divided into two main groups: the saturated (animal) and unsaturated fatty acids. We can also re-arrange the unsaturated fatty acids, the monounsaturated fatty acids (omega-9), polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega 6) and the super-unsaturated fatty acids (omega 3). For good health, in particular the right ratio between omega 6 and omega 3 fatty acids is of paramount importance. These fatty acids and fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E and K) are exclusively obtained by consuming foods where these essential acids worry. The brains consist of approximately 60% essential fatty acids. Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) which occurs in green leafy vegetables, canola oil, perilla oil, flax seed oil and walnuts is restricted with the aid of vitamin B6, magnesium and zinc converted to EPA by the body, which for instance be found in fish oil. EPA is then with the aid of vitamin B6 converted to DHA. Below are treated exclusively omega 3 fatty acids.
The exceptional importance of omega 3 fatty acids
Fats were for years dismissed as unhealthy fattening, whose intake should be avoided. More and more, however, breaks the realization that does not matter the amount of fat, but rather consuming the right fats. The omega 3 fatty acids ensure a smooth exchange of information between cells. They provide protection against cancer, stimulate inflammatory processes, let blood flow more easily through the body and regulate blood sugar. An optimum amount of these acids in our cells brings a good health along with it. In order to function well both physically and mentally, the body (taking morning) at least 500 mg of EPA and DHA per day is needed, in which DHA is the main fatty acid in the brains. Nutritionists recommend more and more to take in EPA and DHA by fish oil capsules with the right amount of these fatty acids. All this by the pollution of the oceans with heavy metals, because otherwise a daily minimum of 230 grams of fatty fish or 860 grams of semi-oily fish should consume, which is practically impossible. With a shortage of EPA and DHA, the body is obliged to use other, less good fatty acids, which can deteriorate. A and another because the strength or weakness of the cell membranes is determined by the kinds of fatty acids that are consumed.
Breakdown of omega-3 fatty acid
This fatty acid can be distinguished, among other things, in EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid). These two components are essential for building and renewal of the cells and health in general. Because cells are present in the whole body has a shortage of EPA and DHA implications for all parts of the body, such as the occurrence of inflammations everywhere.
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)
The most important fatty acid in the cell membranes is DHA. This substance is not located solely in the brains, which need large amounts of DHA, but also by means of the blood vessels in all other cells of the body. However, most of DHA is not only concentrated in the brains at the nerve endings, in the mitochondria of the nerve cells in the retina of the eyes. One could argue that DHA provides the building blocks for cell membranes and is of paramount importance. In addition, one can think, in particular, to pregnant women and very young children. DHA also facilitates the normal growth, development and function of the central nervous system, supports fat burning, going against high blood pressure and lowers lipids (fats) because it lowers triglycerides. In addition, DHA is useful in the prevention of Alzheimer’s disease, is degeneration of the yellow spot on the retina (macular degeneration) against and has an anti-inflammatory effect because it is in the body can be transformed in resolving D2.
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)
This fatty acid is much more evenly distributed throughout the body and, therefore, is also present in the brains, where it regulates the brain function by supplying energy. In addition, it exerts influence on inflammation, the immune function, the blood vessels, blood coagulation and blood flow to the brains. In this context, EPA is effective in the early stages of each ignition, because the operation of ignition-promoting hormones is attenuated. Also, it prevents the development of arteriosclerosis, is clotting of the blood and ensures that LDL-cholesterol does not deposit on the walls of the blood vessels. EPA also supports the state of mind and is very valuable in the treatment of depression, burnout, CFS, dyslexia and mood disorders, sometimes combined with antidepressants. It works with mental problems better than DHA and also reduces the level of triglycerides.